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How much would you pay out-of-pocket for a five day hospital stay on Medicare? The majority of people have no idea! The problem with Medicare is there is too much information. An overwhelming amount of information and not enough resources. Medicare Nation solves that problem by educating you on all things Medicare, because there are not enough resources out there! This podcast will educate you about the components of Medicare, the different categories of Medicare Plans and Medicare benefits. On other episodes I’ll interview expert guests in the health and wellness field, about diseases, Medicare issues and current changes to the Medicare program. Medicare Nation is dedicated to answering all your questions about Medicare. Expert information and insights regarding Medicare and you! Further information can be found on www.TheMedicareNation.com Don't Forget to SUBSCRIBE to the show! Give us feedback on Facebook! www.facebook.com/MedicareNation
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Now displaying: Page 1
Jan 29, 2016

Welcome, Medicare Nation! My guest today is Dr. Ralph Sacco, who is the Executive Director of the Evelyn F. McKnight Brain Institute at the University of Miami. He is also the Chief of Neurology Services at Jackson Memorial Hospital. Dr. Sacco has published extensively in the areas of stroke prevention, treatment, risk factors, human genetics, and stroke recurrence.  He is the recipient of numerous awards and has lectured at national and international meetings and conferences. He was the first neurologist to serve as president of the American Heart Association and serves as the president-elect of the American Academy of Neurology. Dr. Sacco is here to give us valuable information about strokes and stroke prevention. Join us!

  • Tell us what you do at the University of Miami.

“I’ve been the Chairman of Neurology since 2007. Our department has grown and is ranked 15th in NIH funding. We are leading the way in treating various neurological diseases.”

 

  • Tell our listeners what a stroke is and what the signs and symptoms are.

“Stroke is a huge public health issue, especially as our population ages. About 795,000 strokes occur each year, which is one every 40 seconds! A stroke is like a heart attack in the brain. In a stroke, the brain is injured by bleeding or some other problem with blood vessels. The warning signs are often missed, but our current awareness campaign uses the acronym FAST to help people remember:

F-Face-Drooping on one side 

A-Arm-Weakness in one arm 

S-Speech-Slurred speech 

T-Time-Call 911 immediately!

Other common symptoms are numbness and tingling on one side, severe sudden headache, and difficulty walking.”

 

  • Are there similarities in treating stroke and treating heart attacks?

“Heart attacks usually allow a little more time for treatment than the brain does. With a stroke, you MUST get to a stroke center immediately. TIME IS BRAIN! A clotbuster drug can be used with success in blood vessel blockages up to 4.5 hours after the stroke begins.”

 

  • I’ve heard that people should chew on an aspirin if they feel they are having a heart attack. Is that the same advice for a stroke?

“No, some strokes—about 15%--are bleeding strokes. Aspirin can make it worse. We advise calling 911 and getting to a treatment center. We can use drugs and catheters to remove clots up to six hours after stroke onset. This improves outcomes tremendously.”

 

  • What happens if signs and symptoms aren’t recognized and several hours go by? Is there irreversible brain damage?

“Exactly—the longer we wait in opening that artery, the less chance we have of total recovery. Some recovery can happen between 6-18 hours, but it’s more difficult. Too many people ignore symptoms, and then it’s too late.”

 

  • One side effect of stroke can be paralysis on one side. What exactly causes that?

“Most symptoms occur on one side of the body since one side of the brain controls the opposite side of the body. Everyone should know FAST and know how to activate the 911 call.”

 

  • Are there any foods we can eat to promote good blood vessel health? Is there a type of diet that helps?

“Diet is a big factor of ideal cardiovascular health. The AHA estimates that less than 1% of people have ideal cardiovascular health. There are five key components:

Fruits and Vegetables: 4.5 cups each day

Fish: 2 servings each week

Fiber-rich Whole Grain: 3 servings each day

Lower your sodium intake: Sodium increases blood pressure, and high blood pressure is THE single leading modifiable risk factor for stroke. Most people get 3500 mg/day when the recommended limit is only 1500 mg/day!

Limit sugar-sweetened beverages: This increases the risk for diabetes.”

 

  • What tips can you give about stroke prevention?

“Remember, what’s good for heart health is good for brain health, too. The AHA lists seven key factors, called ‘Life’s Simple Seven’:

  1. Never smoking
  2. Body Mass Index
  3. Physical activity
  4. Diet
  5. Total cholesterol less than 200
  6. Blood pressure not higher than 120/80
  7. Fasting blood glucose less than 100”
  • Doctor, for our seniors—or for anyone—is walking a daily exercise that you recommend?

“Walking is a great exercise. Just 75-100 minutes of walking over a week’s time can really help in the battle for ideal health.”

 

Resources:

  • Remember, part of Medicare benefits and preventive care includes nutrition counseling. You can talk to your primary care doctor for more information on how this service can help you. Visit www.medicare.gov for more information.

www.strokeassociation.org

www.heart.org

The FAST app for your smartphone is now available!

 

Do you have questions or feedback? I’d love to hear it!

 

email me:

support@themedicarenation.com

Thank you for listening! If you enjoyed this podcast, please subscribe and leave a 5 star rating and review in iTunes! (Click here)    

 

Find out more information about Medicare on Diane Daniel’s website!

 www.CallSamm.com

 

 

 

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